Bermuda Deep Water Caves 2011: Dives of Discovery

Background Information

The essays below will help you to understand the goals and objectives of the mission and provide additional context and information about the places being explored and the science, tools, and technologies being used.

  • Mission Plan

    By Thomas M. Iliffe, PhD

    Multibeam bathymetric image of the King George shipwreck in Bermuda.

    The goal of the “Bermuda Deep Water Caves 2011: Dives of Discovery” expedition is to explore and characterize the upper edge of the Bermuda Platform and an adjacent mid-ocean seamount to confirm the existence of deep-water (60-200 meter/197-656 foot depth) caves.

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  • Exploration of Caves

    By Jill Heinerth

    Jill Heinerth drives Dr. Bill Stone's Digital Wall Mapper during explorations of Wakulla Springs.

    The evolution of underwater cave exploration has been rapidly expanded through the use of new technologies, increased availability of reliable equipment and globally available training experiences.

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  • Bermuda Cave Geology

    By Steve Blasco

    Bermuda Cave Geology

    Bermuda is a volcanic seamount located 1000 km off the east coast of the United States in that part of the Western Atlantic known as the Sargasso Sea.

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  • Bermuda Cave Biology

    By Tom Iliffe

    Bermuda Cave Biology

    The subterranean aquatic environment consists of small (cracks in bedrock or gaps between sand and gravel particles) and large (cave) water-filled spaces. Underwater caves exist either in limestone (formed by dissolving of the rock by weakly acidic groundwater) or in lava (created as lava tubes during volcanic eruptions).

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  • What is a Rebreather?

    By Jill Heinerth

    What is a Rebreather?

    Rebreather diving is not a new concept. In fact, rebreathers were available long before traditional open circuit scuba equipment.

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  • Underwater Imaging

    By Jill Heinerth

    Underwater Imaging

    In the late 1980s, photographic equipment manufacturer Canon, created a company division called “Still Video.” They introduced some of the first digital cameras in the industry.

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