Classroom Lessons

Classroom lessons and learning tools relevant to the expedition are listed below by grade level. Although some of these resources may have been developed for past expeditions conducted in other regions of the world ocean, the Focus Questions and Student Learning Objectives are applicable to the current expedition.

Leaving Home (pdf, 256 KB)

Grade Level: 5-6
Focus: Dispersal of benthic invertebrate larvae (Life Science)

Students explain the meaning of "larval dispersal" and "larval retention" and explain the importance of larval dispersal and larval retention to populations of organisms in the marine environment. Given data on recruitment of organisms to artificial substrates, students draw inferences about larval dispersal in these species.

Cobalt-rich Ferromanganese Crust Ecosystems (pdf, 396 KB)

(From the Hohonu Moana: Exploring Deep Waters off Hawaii Expedition 2015)

Grade Level: 9-12
Focus: DEcosystems associated with cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts (Earth Science)

Students define cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts, explain how they are formed, discuss their associated ecosystems, and discuss the positive and negative impacts of mining these mineral resources from the deep ocean. Students evaluate competing design solutions for protecting ecosystems associated with cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts from potential human impacts.

Additionally, multimedia discovering missions are series of interactive video presentations and online learning activities that address a wide range of ocean topics. Try this one on Seamounts.